أصدرت منظمة مراسلون بلا حدود تقريرها السنوي عن حرية الصحافة في العالم، متضمناً تصنيف لحرية الصحافة في دول الربيع العربي، و أظهر التصنيف أن حرية الصحافة في تلك الدول (خاصة التي تغيرت الأنظمة الحاكمة بها مثل مصر و ليبيا و تونس) لم تتحسن بالقدر المتوقع بعد الثورات التي هزت أركانها. و إحتلت مصر المركز 158 بتحسن 8 طفيف عن العام السابق، بينما تراجعت تونس 4 مراكز لتحتل المركز 138، و جاءت سوريا في ذيل القائمة لتحتل المركز 176 و هو المركز الأخير قبل ما يسمى بالمثلث الشيطاني و هو تركمستان و شمال كوريا و أريتريا.
و جاء في القرير:
بعض الحكومات التي أفرزتها هذه الأحداث انقلبت على الصحافيين والمواطنين الذين نقلوا صدى المطالب والطموحات من أجل الحريات على نطاق واسع. تونس، ومصر، جاءا في مرتبتين غير مشرفتين بسبب ما حصل فيهما من فراغ قانوني، وتعيينات على رأس وسائل الاعلام العمومية واعتداءات جسدية، ومحاكمات متكررة. في حين جاءت ليبيا التي سجلت تقدما هذا العام (المركز 131)، فكرة عن المطبات التي
عليها أن تتفادى الوقوع فيها لتضمن انتقالا نحو صحافة حرة وتحافظ على ذلك.
سوريا (المرتية 176)، البلد اكثر دموية للصحافيين في عام 2012، حيث تشهد حربا إعلامية شعواء لم ترحم أ الصحافيين ولا المواطنين، وهي لا تزال واقعة بين براثن نظام بشار الاسد الذي لا يتردد في شيء من آجل القمع في صمت، وأيضا فصائل المعارضة الغير المتسامحة مع
الأصوات المخالفة لها.
و من الجدير بالذكر أيضاً أن إسرائيل قد تراجعت في الترتيب 20 مركز لتحتل المركز 112 بسبب إنتهاكات الجيش الإسرائيلي و التي تمت هذا العام على نطاق أوسع.
قراءة التقرير كاملاً:
WASHINGTON — A nonpartisan, independent review of interrogation and detention programs in the years after the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks concludes that “it is indisputable that the United States engaged in the practice of torture” and that the nation’s highest officials bore ultimate responsibility for it.
The sweeping, 577-page report says that while brutality has occurred in every American war, there never before had been “the kind of considered and detailed discussions that occurred after 9/11 directly involving a president and his top advisers on the wisdom, propriety and legality of inflicting pain and torment on some detainees in our custody.” The study, by an 11-member panel convened by the Constitution Project, a legal research and advocacy group, is to be released on Tuesday morning.
Debate over the coercive interrogation methods used by the administration of President George W. Bush has often broken down on largely partisan lines. The Constitution Project’s task force on detainee treatment, led by two former members of Congress with experience in the executive branch — a Republican, Asa Hutchinson, and a Democrat, James R. Jones — seeks to produce a stronger national consensus on the torture question.
While the task force did not have access to classified records, it is the most ambitious independent attempt to date to assess the detention and interrogation programs. A separate 6,000-page report on the Central Intelligence Agency’s record by the Senate Intelligence Committee, based exclusively on agency records, rather than interviews, remains classified.
“As long as the debate continues, so too does the possibility that the United States could again engage in torture,” the report says. Read more…
هل رأيت هذه الصورة من قبل ؟ هل سمعت الاسم ” سعد الشاذلي” ؟ هل تعرف من هو ؟
سعد الدين محمد الحسيني الشاذلي او كما تعود الجميع على تسميته سعد الشاذلي ، هو باختصار مهندس العبور والقائد الحقيقي والعقل المدبر لانتصار اكتوبر العظيم 1973 .
الفريق سعد الدين الشاذلي (أبريل 1922)، رئيس أركان حرب القوات المسلحة المصرية في الفترة ما بين 16 مايو 1971 وحتى 13 ديسمبر 1973. ولد بقرية شبراتنا مركز بسيون قي محافظة الغربية في دلتا النيل. يوصف بأنه الرأس المدبر للهجوم المصري الناجح على خط الدفاع الإسرائيلي بارليف في حرب أكتوبر عام 1973.
حظى الفريق سعد الدين الشاذلي بشهرته لأول مره في عام 1941 عندما كانت القوات المصرية والبريطانية تواجه القوات الألمانية في الصحراء العربية، خلال الحرب العالمية الثانية وعندما صدرت الأوامر للقوات المصرية والبريطانية بالانسحاب. بقى الملازم الشاذلي ليدمر المعدات المتبقية في وجه القوات الألمانية المتقدمة.
اثبت الشاذلي نفسه مرة أخرى في نكسة 1967 عندما كان يقود وحدة من القوات المصرية الخاصة المعروفة بمجموعة الشاذلي في مهمة لحراسة وسط سيناء ووسط أسوأ هزيمة شهدها الجيش المصري في العصر الحديث وإنقطاع الاتصالات مع القيادة المصرية وكنتيجه لفقدان الاتصال بين الشاذلي وبين قيادة الجيش في سيناء، فقد اتخذ الشاذلي قرارا جريئا فعبر بقواته الحدود الدوليه قبل غروب يوم 5 يونيو وتمركز بقواته داخل الاراضي الفلسطينيه المحتله بحوالي خمسة كيلومترات وبقي هناك يومين الي ان تم الاتصال بالقياده العامه المصرية التي اصدرت اليه الاوامر بالانسحاب فورا. فاستجاب لتلك الاوامر وبدأ انسحابه ليلا وقبل غروب يوم 8 يونيو في ظروف غاية في الصعوبة، باعتباره كان يسير في أرض يسيطر العدو تمامًا عليها، ومن دون أي دعم جوي، وبالحدود الدنيا من المؤن، واستطاع بحرفية نادرة أن يقطع أراضي سيناء كاملة من الشرق إلى الشط الغربي لقناة السويس (حوالي 200 كم). وقد نجح في العوده بقواته ومعداته إلي الجيش المصري سالما، وتفادى النيران الإسرائيلية، وتكبد خسائر بنسبة 10% إلى 20%. فكان اخر قائد مصري ينسحب بقواته من سيناء. Read more…
US Embassy Cables: in 2009 “APRIL 6″ Leader talks with US Congress about Maher ties to Freedom House
“APRIL 6″ LEADER PLANS U.S. TRAVEL; DESCRIBES MOVEMENT IN DISARRAY
Ref ID: 09CAIRO695
Date: 2009-04-23 15:45
Origin: Embassy Cairo
DE RUEHEG #0695 1131545
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 231545Z APR 09
FM AMEMBASSY CAIRO
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 2268
INFO RUEHXK/ARAB ISRAELI COLLECTIVE
C O N F I D E N T I A L CAIRO 000695
FOR NEA/ELA, DRL/NESCA AND H
NSC FOR KUMAR AND KUCHTA-HELBLING
E.O. 12958: DECL: 04/23/2029
TAGS: PHUM KDEM EG
SUBJECT: “APRIL 6″ LEADER PLANS U.S. TRAVEL; DESCRIBES
MOVEMENT IN DISARRAY
REF: A. CAIRO 591
B. CAIRO 580
C. CAIRO 468
D. 08 CAIRO 2572
Classified By: Economic-Political Counselor
Catherine Hill-Herndon for reason 1.4 (d).
1. (C) On April 22, “April 6 Movement” leader Ahmed Saleh told us that he plans to travel to Washington from May 2 to May 9 to testify in a May 7 Congressional hearing on a draft resolution on human rights in Egypt sponsored by Rep. Frank Wolf (R-VA). Saleh said that Dina Guirgis of the Washington-based NGO “Voices for a Democratic Egypt (VDE)” is working to schedule meetings for him with Congress, and VDE will provide him with accommodation. Saleh believes that Egyptian activist Saad Eddin Ibrahim is “personally” funding Saleh’s plane travel to the U.S. Saleh requested assistance in setting up meetings with USG officials so he can “explain the importance of democracy in Egypt.”
2. (C) According to Saleh, the “April 6 Movement” is in increasing disarray. Saleh said that Islamist members, such as Labor Party activist Dia Isawi, are accusing him and secular “April 6″ leader Ahmed Maher of “treason” for their association with the U.S. NGO Freedom House, which Isawi views as a “Zionist organization.”
(Note: Saleh is secular and is allied with Ahmed Maher in advocating a secular orientation for “April 6.” End note.)
Saleh noted that the Islamist members held a mock trial of Ahmed Maher for ”treason” into the early morning hours of April 22 after obtaining Freedom House documents detailing planned funding of “April 6 activities.” Saleh said that as a result of this internal “April 6″ strife, programming with Freedom House is now “impossible.” Saleh speculated that Isawi might be working as an agent for State Security.
3. (C) Saleh noted that youth activists from the secular Ghad party are also accusing him and Ahmed Maher of “treason” because of their contacts with Freedom House. Saleh claimed that the prominent blogger Wael Abbas is working with Dia Isawi to undermine the secular “April 6″ leadership so that Abbas can claim the mantle of internet activism for himself. According to Saleh, Abbas has threatened to post information about Saleh and Maher’s links to Freedom House on his blog. Saleh told us he is still planning to establish an ”underground” secular wing of “April 6″ (ref C).
4. (C) In a separate meeting April 23, Wael Abbas criticized ”April 6″ leader Ahmed Maher as weak and the movement as disorganized, but did not voice any support for Isawi.
(Comment: We do not believe that Abbas wants to dominate other internet activists, as Saleh suggested. Abbas has worked closely with other activists in the past, and has expressed to us his hope that more internet activists will participate in political life. End comment.)
US Embassy Cables: in 2009 “APRIL 6″ tells US GOV they kicked out Islamists before elections & supports Ayman Nour
“APRIL 6″ MOVEMENT CONSOLIDATES RANKS, LOOKS TOWARD COMING ELECTIONS
Ref ID: 09CAIRO1464
Date: 2009-07-30 13:45
Origin: Embassy Cairo
DE RUEHEG #1464/01 2111345
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 301345Z JUL 09
FM AMEMBASSY CAIRO
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 3299
INFO RUEHXK/ARAB ISRAELI COLLECTIVE
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 CAIRO 001464
FOR NEA/ELA AND DRL/NESCA
NSC FOR KUMAR
E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/30/2029
TAGS: PGOV PHUM KDEM EG
SUBJECT: “APRIL 6″ MOVEMENT CONSOLIDATES RANKS, LOOKS TOWARD COMING ELECTIONS
REF: A. CAIRO 695
B. CAIRO 591
C. CAIRO 580
D. CAIRO 468
E. 08 CAIRO 2572
F. 08 CAIRO 697
Classified By: Economic-Political Minister-Counselor Donald A. Blome for reasons 1.4 (b) and (d).
1. KEY POINTS
– (C) “April 6″ movement leader Ahmed Saleh told us July 26 that the group has ejected Islamist and Nasserist members to try to preserve its secular, western orientation.
– (C) Saleh urged U.S. pressure on the GOE for international monitors for the 2010 and 2011 elections. He is planning to travel to the U.S. with Ayman Nour in October to press for international monitors.
– (C) According to Saleh, a U.S.-based Freedom House official recently received a letter from the Egyptian MFA criticizing the organization’s association with Saleh.
– (C) Meeting us for the first time July 28, “April 6″ coordinator Ahmed Maher said the group is open to working with secular opposition parties on voter education and other activities.
2. (C) Background: “April 6″ is a small, youth-based movement which advocates replacing the current regime through a peaceful transition to democracy that would include a weak presidency and an empowered parliament and prime minister.
The movement organized a largely successful strike in Cairo on April 6, 2008 through Facebook to protest price increases and political and economic conditions (ref F). Following the strike, the GOE has arrested and tortured “April 6″ members, and has prevented the group from staging public demonstrations (ref E). End background.
Cleaning House: Islamists and Nasserists Out
3. (C) Saleh told us July 26 that the group ejected 13 Islamist and Nasserist members the previous day in an attempt to consolidate its secular, western orientation. Saleh had told us previously that these members had tried to hijack ”April 6,” and turn it into a Islamist movement opposing the west and rejecting Egypt’s peace treaty with Israel (refs A, D). Saleh said that following the ouster, “April 6″ published a new “manifesto” on its Facebook page, reaffirming the group’s interest in working with western countries and organizations. Saleh assessed that the movement would now be more internally “harmonious,” but that the ousted members would try to attack the group from the outside. He predicted that thousands of young Egyptians would join “April 6″ now that the movement has resolved its internal issues.
“April 6″ Looking Toward 2010 and 2011 Elections
4. (C) Saleh said “April 6″ is now focusing on the 2010 parliamentary and 2011 presidential elections. He asked for U.S. pressure on the GOE to allow international monitors as the only way of ensuring free and fair elections and open campaigns. He asserted that the political opposition would only be able to operate freely under such conditions, as the GOE would otherwise use the Emergency Law to prevent campaigning. Saleh noted that he had made this point to USG,Congressional and NGO interlocutors during his June-July trip to the U.S. Saleh said he is also coordinating his actions with Saad Eddin Ibrahim.
5. (C) Saleh asserted that free and fair elections as part of a gradual non-violent transition to democracy would be the only way to address Egypt’s acute economic and political problems. He said that “April 6″ plans an internet voter education campaign to decrease voter apathy, and wants to stage street demonstrations to support this goal. However, he predicted the GOE would prevent such demonstrations.
According to Saleh, “April 6″ members are currently not planning to run for seats in the 2010 parliamentary elections, but he noted that this calculus could change if the elections were “more open.” Saleh stressed that if movement members chose to run, they would do so as independents, not as opposition party candidates.
6. (C) “April 6″ Coordinator Ahmed Maher told us July 28 that the group is open to working with secular opposition parties such as Al-Ghad, the Democratic Front and Anwar Esmat Sadat’s nascent Reform and Development Party on voter education and other activities such as anti-corruption initiatives. Maher said he is working to establish an organizational structure for the group that would include a Cairo-based coordinating committee overseeing smaller chapters in each governorate.
(Note: This was our first meeting with Maher who was arrested and tortured following the April 6, 2008 strike, and tries to keep a low profile. End note.)
New Coordination with Ayman Nour
7. (C) Saleh said he is working with former opposition presidential candidate Ayman Nour on a planned October 1-7 visit the U.S. to urge the USG to press for international election monitors. Saleh said that he, Nour and another opposition politician would travel together. Saleh told us he is working with U.S.-based Egyptians such as Saad Eddin Ibrahim, Dina Guirgis of Voices for a Democratic Egypt and Sherif Mansour of Freedom House to coordinate an Ayman Nour trip focused on monitors. He said Guirgis is the lead U.S.-based coordinator for the trip. According to Saleh, Saad Eddin Ibrahim travelled to Europe in mid-July to urge European officials to press for international monitors.
8. (C) Saleh told us that “April 6″ would support Nour as a presidential candidate in 2011 if he were able to run. Saleh noted that he recently began discussions with Nour about future coordination with “April 6″ to achieve democratic change. He described Nour as slightly “unbalanced from his time in jail,” but voiced hope that Nour could be an agent of change in open 2011 presidential elections.
Saleh’s U.S. Travel
9. (C) Saleh said that during his June-July travel to the U.S., a Washington-based Freedom House official told him that the Egyptian MFA had sent Freedom House a letter criticizing the organization’s relationship with Saleh. According to Saleh, the Freedom House official said the letter criticized Saleh as “an illegitimate opportunist seeking asylum in the U.S.” Saleh told us GOE customs searched him for 2 hours on July 20 at Cairo International Airport upon his return. He believed customs gave his papers to MOI State Security Investigative Services (SSIS) officers.
A report published by the BBC on 26 May 2011, and other news networks, claims that in the post Arab Spring Middle East, Arab youth have been training at a dubious institution called the International Security Academy (ISA), run by ex-Israeli Secret Service Officer Mirza David, and located in Negev Desert (al-Naqab) near Gaza, on the Egyptian-Israeli border, close to where the last border clashes killed three Egyptian Officers in August 2011.
The video below, is from the Academy’s YouTube channel, and it shows a group of men wearing the traditional Arab Bedouin garments and are being trained on High skilled military operations in the Negev desert in an Israeli military base.
The graduates of the Academy are highly trained militants who are ready to work for the highest bidder, the call them selves Private Security Personnel, but the most common name for their line of work is Mercenaries or Guns for Hire, and are able to operate in Arab States.
When asked if he was in fact training mercenaries, Mirza David, the founder and owner of the Israeli International Security Academy, answered: “The term mercenary is a nonsense, it is finished”.
The Academy’s training course lasts for seven weeks, and aims to train participants on high risk combat in the Arab and Islamic world, especially in light of turmoil in the region. As well as training on combat arts, firearms and sniper rifles, the trainees also train on the arts of camouflage, and training to dress and talk like native Arabs for reasons of undercover operations.
According to the academy, a large number of Arab youth participated in the training sessions, including Iraqis, Egyptians, Lebanese, as well as other Arab and African nationalities.
The video interview shows one of those Arabs, a Lebanese trainee, only identifying himself as Julian, and who refused to reveal his real name or face, from behind an Arab Headdress, Julian says of his training at the ISA: “Only the best can train here with the best“.
by Michel Chossudovsky
The cooptation of the leaders of major opposition parties and civil society organizations in anticipation of the collapse of an authoritarian puppet government is part of Washington’s design, applied in different regions of the World.
The process of cooptation is implemented and financed by US based foundations including the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) and Freedom House (FH). Both FH and the NED have links to the US Congress. the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), and the US business establishment. Both the NED and FH are known to have ties to the CIA.
The NED is actively involved in Tunisia, Egypt and Algeria. Freedom House supports several civil society organizations in Egypt.
“The NED was established by the Reagan administration after the CIA’s role in covertly funding efforts to overthrow foreign governments was brought to light, leading to the discrediting of the parties, movements, journals, books, newspapers and individuals that received CIA funding. … As a bipartisan endowment, with participation from the two major parties, as well as the AFL-CIO and US Chamber of Commerce, the NED took over the financing of foreign overthrow movements, but overtly and under the rubric of “democracy promotion.” (Stephen Gowans, January « 2011 “What’s left“)
While the US has supported the Mubarak government for the last thirty years, US foundations with ties to the US State department and the Pentagon have actively supported the political opposition including the civil society movement. According to Freedom House: “Egyptian civil society is both vibrant and constrained. There are hundreds of non-governmental organizations devoted to expanding civil and political rights in the country, operating in a highly regulated environment.”
In a bitter irony, Washington supports the Mubarak dictatorship, including its atrocities, while also backing and financing its detractors, through the activities of FH, the NED, among others. Read more…
Freedom House publishes an annual report assessing the degree of perceived democratic freedoms in each country.
Freedom House is supposedly an international non-governmental organization (NGO) based in Washington, D.C. which conducts research and advocacy on democracy, political freedom and human rights, but it is accused by a lot of analysts and activists to be a front for the American Council on Foreign Relations and its British counterpart the Royal Institute of International Affairs.
Noam Chomsky has criticized Freedom House for receiving funding from and allegedly furthering the interests of the U.S. government.
In it’s annual report, titled “Freedom in the World”, Freedom House claims to evaluate the state of global freedom. The report is published with illustrated maps, titled the “Freedom Maps”.
Here are the maps of the last 3 years alongside their charts:
As you can see from the maps above and charts below, according to “Freedom House” most of the Middle East countries are labeled as NOT FREE, while three countries only (Morocco, Lebanon and Kuwait) are labeled as PARTLY FREE, and ONE Country only is FREE, and that’s ISRAEL! Read more…
NEXT STEPS FOR ADVANCING DEMOCRACY IN EGYPT
Ref ID: 06CAIRO1351
Date: 2006-03-06 12:41
Origin: Embassy Cairo
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 04 CAIRO 001351
NEA FOR A/S WELCH, PDAS CHENEY, DAS CARPENTER
NEA FOR ELA
NSC FOR DNSA ABRAMS
TUNIS FOR MEPI (MULREAN)
E.O. 12958: DECL: 03/06/2016
TAGS: PGOV KDEM EG
SUBJECT: NEXT STEPS FOR ADVANCING DEMOCRACY IN EGYPT
Classified by Ambassador Francis J. Ricciardone for reasons
1.4 (b) and (d).
1. (C) Summary and Introduction: Sometime in the next six years, Egypt will undergo a leadership succession. The United States’ goals for this succession should be to promote an opening to establish a representative government that will secure Egyptian stability, prosperity, and friendship for a generation. There is scant movement in that direction now. Whether or not 77-year old Hosni Mubarak survives his six-year term, his regime is ossifying and increasingly out of touch. His enlightened economic cabinet has a negligible political base and gets little credit outside of elite circles. The National Democratic Party’s popularity is in decline. The military still expects to inherit the Presidency. But the Muslim Brotherhood’s confidence is growing. Read more…
El Baradei Returns to Cairo
Ref ID: 10CAIRO237
Date: 2010-02-23 13:42
Origin: Embassy Cairo
DE RUEHEG #0237/01 0541343
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
R 231342Z FEB 10
FM AMEMBASSY CAIRO
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 0363
INFO ARAB ISRAELI COLLECTIVE
RHEHNSC/WHITE HOUSE NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL WASHINGTON DC
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 04 CAIRO 000237
FOR D (L), NEA AND DRL
E.O. 12958: DECL: 2035/02/23
TAGS: PREL PGOV PHUM KDEM EG
SUBJECT: El Baradei Returns to Cairo
REF: 10 CAIRO 215
CLASSIFIED BY: Margaret Scobey, Ambassador; REASON: 1.4(B), (D)
1. (C) Key Points:
– Thousands of supporters greeted former IAEA Chairman Mohammed El Baradei upon his return to Cairo. Beleaguered leaders of the opposition seem relieved at their ability to muster a show of support for El Baradei and enthusiastic about his potential impact.
– El Baradei is seen as an “independent” and viable alternative to a corrupt regime and an ineffectual opposition. However, the mainstream opposition appears reluctant to claim him as their own “consensus candidate.”
– In a television interview February 21, El Baradei criticized GOE corruption, election fraud, lack of political reform and failure to successfully address poverty and illiteracy.
– El Baradei met with Arab League Secretary Amre Moussa on February 22 and will begin to meet with political activists on February 23.”
– NDP reaction and government media reaction focused on El Baradei’s lack of political experience and doubts over his level of commitment. Opinion makers in the independent media also see El Baradei as an outsider and appear wary to offer unqualified support.